Modern minds often look up to the ancient Greeks because of their sophisticated ideas. Everyone is familiar with Aristotle and Socrates, and it’s safe to say that the works of these ancient Greeks have had an impact on nearly every facet of contemporary thought, from the way we construct stories to the way we make sense of the universe. When it came to politics and mathematics, they were light years ahead of the curve.However, their work in mechanics was possibly their crowning achievement. Amazing devices, some of which would not be seen again for another thousand years, were created by the ancient Greeks, beginning with the first clock tower and continuing on to computers. You may find some that were useful, and others that were more for show or entertainment purposes alone.Ten of the most outstanding works of mechanical engineering from antiquity by the Greeks will be examined here.

10 The Process of Antikythera

In 1901, an analog computer called the Antikythera Mechanism was found in an ancient Greek shipwreck. Its purpose was to track astronomical movements and was put together between 205 and 60 BC. With its seven-hand clock-like face, it monitored not only the planetary and lunar motions, but also the Moon’s phase, the passing of time, and solar and lunar eclipses.[1]Its extraordinarily fine and interconnecting gear systems completely flipped our conception of Greek engineering when it was initially correctly identified in 2006. The ancient Greeks had achieved an unprecedented degree of engineering perfection, as this feat proved. And it might not even be the earliest iteration of this gadget; in the third century BC, Archimedes was mentioned by the Roman historian Cicero as constructing a comparable contraption.We still don’t know how the device drove the planetary points or any of its other important aspects because we only have bits of it. This is especially true given the complexity involved, given the varying trajectories that the planets take through the sky.

9 the Diolkos

At any one moment, the ancient Greek city-port of Corinth welcomed hundreds of ships, making it a major hub for marine commerce. Ships may have saved days of trip time if they could have taken a shortcut through the narrowest sliver of land on the Greek peninsula, which was near by.[2]In order to shorten the journey across the Peloponnese, a unique type of portage route called the Diolkos was built somewhere about the fifth century BC. This allowed ships to be pulled overland instead. It was formerly considered a fast route for cargo ships travelling between the Aegean and Ionian seas, but modern scholarship suggests that the Diolkos would have been too narrow for such ships, which would account for the building of the Corinthian Canal in AD 67.The affluent Greeks likely utilized their own boats for this purpose, and it likely served a vital purpose as a low-cost means of swiftly transporting small ships and military vessels across the oceans.

8 The Gimbal of Philo

Philo of Byzantium created the first gimbal approximately 200 BC and utilized it to create an inkwell that would never spill. Today, the gimbal is used for numerous things, including stabilizing handheld cameras for smooth television footage.the thirdIn the device’s center, ink was housed in a container encircled by concentric circles that maintained its upright position regardless of rotation. The inkwell could be turned upside down or knocked over without leaking any ink because of the many holes that were punched into the exterior frame, which allowed the writer to dip their pen into the ink.The gimbal’s ability to keep a compass point directed northward in the face of a ship’s inherent motion made it an indispensable tool for navigation in subsequent centuries.

7 The Kleroterion

We moderns may look down on the old Greek democratic system, but the Greeks really came up with a novel approach to guarantee that juries were never compromised: they utilized a randomization mechanism.[4]A kleroterion resembled a slot machine and featured a crank, a hole, and five hundred tiny slits. It also had funnels. A pinakion, a small piece of bronze or wood with the juror’s identification, was brought by each juror to the trial. The slits were filled with all of these. An officer placed a number of balls, some white and some black, into the device’s top funnels. After that, he extracted one ball by turning the crank. The row of pinakia was removed and those jurors would not serve that day if the ball was black. Those jurors could serve if the ball came up white. After each row of pinakia, the official would pull the crank to indicate acceptance or rejection. It was impossible to tell in advance who would serve on the jury because the balls couldn’t be predicted to land in any certain row; thus, no one could have influenced the jury’s verdicts.

6 The Aeolipile

As far as anyone can tell, the aeolipile was the earliest steam engine ever built. It was constructed in the first century AD, around 1500 years before steam engines were widely used to generate electricity.Heron of Alexandria was the one who developed it. But it was never meant to be an engine, and Heron certainly never thought of it that way. Instead, he utilized it as a basic apparatus to show how pneumatics worked, either to pique students’ interest or keep the attention of curious onlookers.It was possible to spin the engine, which was a hollow spherical resting on two tubes. Underneath the apparatus, in a heated pot, the tubes supplied steam. As the sphere was filled with steam, it was expelled through an additional tube—or tubes—that protruded from it. The spherical object was spun around by the force of the steam that emerged from these perpendicular tubes.[5]

5 Archimedes’ Claw and the Crane

A straightforward wooden hoist-and-pulley device, the crane was devised by the Greeks in 500 BC and greatly simplified the process of constructing tall, durable buildings. (The technology was further developed and disseminated across most of Europe by the Romans.) On the other hand, Archimedes’ Claw proves that the Greeks could construct sophisticated cranes on their own.Above is a fairly fantastical depiction of Archimedes’s Claw, a device that Archimedes constructed in Syracuse prior to the Roman siege of the city in 214 BC.[6] Ancient tales describe the claw as a type of crane that could propel or raise ships out of the water, bringing them to their knees and sinking them. Its placement near the city’s sea fortifications served to keep Roman ships at bay.Many Roman troops were afraid that any wooden structure above the city walls may be another one of Archimedes’s inventions after seeing the claw, which made them feel like they were battling against gods (Plutarch). They decided to forego their hopes of capturing the city by sea and instead prepare for a protracted siege on land.

4 An Overview of the Wind Tower

Constructed in Athens around 50 BC, the Tower of the Winds is generally believed to have been the first clock tower and meteorological station in the world.[7] An old weather vane would have rested atop it to show which way the wind was blowing. In addition to a huge sundial that could be used to keep track of the time, the tower’s eight walls face each of the four cardinal directions. On the interior, there was a water clock that would keep the time even when it was overcast or overnight.The ancient Greeks called it the Horologion, meaning “Timepiece,” and its towering stature and commanding position on the Roman Agora in the city gave the impression that it served a similar purpose as modern-day clock towers.Restoration efforts have kept the structure standing and, miraculously, unharmed. Numerous architects have been influenced by it throughout history, and lesser versions may be seen all around Europe.

3 The Pergamum Showers

Thanks to the Olympic Games and other modern-day athletic events, the ancient Greeks’ devotion to athletics has brought them widespread fame. Ancient athletes occasionally enjoyed facilities, but these are less well-known.Pergamum, one of the biggest ancient Greek cities, had a gymnasium constructed in the early second century BC. At this site, a system of showers was unearthed.[8] Positioned in what is now Turkey, it was home to the world’s second-largest library after Alexandria and had rulers who deliberately spent money on public works projects to boost the city’s reputation.Therefore, these shower systems probably weren’t widespread among the Greeks, but they were definitely there. There were seven individual bathing units in the Pergamum showers, and water was piped in from an above mains system to each one.A vase from the fourth century BC also shows a shower system, meaning the ancient Greeks had already been using them for more than a century before Pergamum’s showers were constructed. There are individual cubicles and rails for users to attach their stuff in the vase’s picture.

2 The Screw of Archimedes

The Archimedes screw, which Archimedes is widely believed to have invented, is still in use today as a means of elevating water with minimum effort and energy.[9] The first iteration of the machine was invented in ancient Greece and ran on the treading motion of human labor or slaves; the crank-operated version was developed in medieval Germany.Some contend that similar devices existed in the ancient world before Archimedes’ screw. It was believed that screws were used to water the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which were constructed in 600 BC. Strabo, who wrote about 600 years after Archimedes invented the screw, may have been speculating about the Hanging Gardens’ functionality based on his understanding of the technology available to him at the time. There is no certain way to know because the location of the Gardens is still a mystery.However, the machine wasn’t widely used until Archimedes’ era. The Greeks and Romans began to use it for irrigation and ship drainage.

1 Fountain of the Heron

Heron of Alexandria also created a mechanical device to show how things work; his water-spouting fountain was based on hydraulic and pneumatic principles.[10] To this day, physics instructors still rely on it.An open bowl, a water-filled container, and a container filled with air—stacked one on top of the other—make up a heron’s fountain. One pipe goes into the air container from the base of the bowl, another into the water container from the air container, and yet another out of the water container and into the space above the bowl. The water goes into the air container via the pipe when it is poured into the bowl. Water is forced up the pipe and back into the bowl by the air pressure, which in turn increases the air pressure in the air container.This contraption, like Heron’s others, demonstrates the astounding knowledge of physics that the ancient Greeks possessed more than a thousand years before the scientific revolution and the Renaissance. Despite its impracticality, it demonstrates this remarkable grasp. The gadget can run for a very long period if built to the appropriate parameters, albeit it is not strictly a perpetual motion machine. Emptying the air container’s water contents into the water container is all it takes to reset it.

See more: Top 10 Possible Future Technologies In Their Conceptual Stages

By linh

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