Humans have accomplished a great deal; for example, we have built buildings, gone to space, gone deep-sea diving, and created Dilbert comics. We humans still have a lot to learn from the rest of the planet, no matter how smart we are. Amazing architectural marvels are constantly on display in the natural world, both in plants and animals.Taking cues from biological processes and units, biomimicry involves creating artificial structures, materials, and systems.[1] Technology that can imitate an animal’s appearance is nothing new; we’ve discussed it previously. Nature has taught us a lot about how to build sophisticated technology, and here are ten additional examples.

10 Air Travel with Sharkskin

Sharks are among the most effective predators in the natural world, which is why they have been the focus of numerous scary tales. The water-optimized skin of these hunters is the key to their incredible speed. Small projections termed dermal denticles cover the surface of sharkskin. Placoid scales, which are dermal denticles, have grooves that channel water, minimizing drag.Many “Aha!” moments for inventors have come from studying the perfect design of sharkskin. Three researchers from Germany’s Fraunhofer Society came up with a fantastic application. After carefully examining sharkskin, they created a unique paint. Aircraft can mimic sharkskin structure and decrease drag by brushing this paint onto a specialized stencil and then applying it to their surfaces. The study’s authors assert that a yearly fuel savings of up to 4.48 million tons would result from using this paint on all aircraft in the world.[2]

9 Wind farms and fish schools

The sight of a school of fish swimming in perfect harmony is awe-inspiring. Even while taking unexpected turns, they manage to stay in step with one another. A possible explanation for this phenomenon is that schools of fish can mimic each other’s flow patterns. Basically, education is a way to save energy.Vertical wind turbines that function similarly were developed by a group at Caltech headed by Professor John Dabiri. They work better in clusters because they may share the air current produced by nearby turbines, increasing their overall efficiency. This process culminated in a network of wind turbines that are more efficient than traditional windmills.the third Parallel research at Stanford, Johns Hopkins, and the University of Delaware supports these conclusions.

8 A Pair of Turbine Blades and Humpback Whales

The humpback whale is just one more example of how nature can teach us about the efficiency of wind power. Reducing surface drag is beneficial for both wind turbines and humpback whales. The tubercles that run along the gentle giant’s fins are responsible for this. In its quest for food, the whale relies on its tubercles to help it move with little drag.Wind turbines are a natural fit for the design. A turbine blade featuring tubercles was designed by a group led by West Chester University professor Frank Fish. The final product was so effective that it could harness wind even in places with low wind speeds. Whalepower, of which Fish is president, is a Canadian company that uses the research of its employees to develop better turbine and fan designs.[4]

7 Power Adhesive Geckos

Come on, you’ve totally been envious of geckos’ ability to climb walls at some point. For ages, onlookers have been perplexed by the wall-climbing lizard’s enigmatic behavior. In 2002, scientists found millions of setae, which are very small hairs on the foot of geckos, and the mystery was finally answered. The setae contribute to the generation of van der Waal’s forces, which are weak electrostatic forces with a short range.There have been numerous suggested uses for this natural phenomenon, but only one has proven to be commercially viable: Geckskin. Inspired by the physics of gecko feet, three entrepreneurial University of Massachusetts Amherst grads made this reusable super adhesive. The adhesive has a maximum load capacity of 317 kg (700 lb) when applied to a flat surface. In the time since its release, Geckskin has garnered praise from various quarters, including CNN, Bloomberg, and even The Guardian, which dubbed it “flypaper for elephants” among other things.[5]

6 Intelligent Canes and Bats

Because of their exceptional echolocation vision, bats are renowned for their nighttime abilities. They detect potential flying hazards by sending out high-pitched sonar waves that reflect off of nearby objects.Using inspiration from bats, a group of researchers at India’s Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi has developed a new alternative to the traditional white cane that blind people rely on. The SmartCane was born because of their research. In order to identify any threats, the gadget releases a signal that is comparable to bats’.The gadget is designed to be fastened to a regular white cane. Upon receipt of the waves, the device will vibrate to alert the user of any obstacles in their way.[6]The makers of SmartCane aimed to make a product that would be accessible to all by making it both practical and inexpensive, even if there are already comparable technologies on the market, such the ubiquitous Ultracane. In comparison to the $1,000 Ultracane, the SmartCane sells for under $50.

5 Bugs That Worsen Water Collecting

One of the biggest problems of the contemporary period has been to design efficient methods of water harvesting. It seems unbelievable that any living thing could magically conjure water from thin air, given how valuable it is. But that is exactly what the Stenocara gracilipes beetle is capable of.One of the world’s hottest and most hostile environments, the coastal Namib Desert in southwestern Africa is home to this insect. Water droplets accumulate along a row of glass-like bumps along the beetle’s back as the wind brings in fog from the ocean. Water eventually makes its way to the beetle’s mouth via a network of tiny tubes. Since the fog only appears around six times a month, this process is vital for the insect’s survival.Scientists have made several efforts to duplicate this practical skill. One example is that in 2001, researchers from the British Ministry of Defense looked into the possibility of making tents and tiles for the roof that might collect water in arid areas. Another business that took cues from the beetle was NBD Nano. A self-filling water bottle inspired by the beetle’s shell is the goal of the startup founded by four college grads in mechanical engineering, organic chemistry, biology, and physics. They began making a marketable prototype in 2012.[7]

4 Solar Panels with Sea Sponges

Even a casual observer could dismiss the orange puffball sponge as unremarkable. A fashionable shower accessory? I don’t see any other possible purpose for it. The spongy bodies of these basic crustaceans are really made of silicon that they extract from seawater. More affordable and less harmful solar panels may be possible using this method.In order to make solar panels, manufacturers usually use chemicals to deposit a thin coating of crystalline material onto an inert surface. When sunlight hits the layer, it generates an electrical current since it is a semiconductor. Energy is consumed at a rapid rate during this low-pressure, high-temperature process, which makes it costly.Daniel Morse, a researcher at UC Santa Barbara, and his colleagues found a way to mimic the orange puffball sponge’s silicon production process without utilizing low pressure and high temperatures. The enzyme silicatein aids the sponge in converting the silicic acid in the water into silica spikes, allowing it to accomplish this remarkable accomplishment.The team was able to mimic the process of the sea sponge and apply it to solar cells by substituting ammonia for silicatein and liquid zinc nitrate for seawater. Although the process is still in its early stages, it shows promise as a means to increase the accessibility of solar energy.[8]

3 Space Drills and Wood Wasps

The same issues often arise with tools designed for use in space: They consume a lot of power, move slowly, and are hefty. The space drill is much like any other. Worse yet, drills designed for use on Earth have the potential to drift away in zero gravity due to their inherent motion.Here comes the massive wood wasp. The ovipositor, a pointed tube-like organ used for laying eggs, is located near the back of the body of female members of this species, which is also known as the horntail wasp.To lay her eggs, she locates a good tree, inserts the ovipositor into its trunk, and then drops the eggs inside it. It is remarkable that this tiny bug is effectively forcing her body into solid wood, yet the entire procedure causes her no injury.A space drill inspired by the female wood wasp was proposed in a 2006 article by a group of four British scientists from the University of Bath.[9] In the same way as the ovipositor can drill through solid rock, this drill would be able to do the same. According to the team’s biomimetics professor Julian Vincent, the most challenging aspect was gaining acceptance from space agencies for the new design. According to him, space engineers typically prefer to keep using older technology if it’s still doing the job.

2 Glare-Free Screens and Butterflies

The solution to reducing screen glare on mobile phones may lay with these charming insects, as butterflies are masters at inspiring visual technologies. Scientists from Germany’s Karlsruhe Institute of Technology discovered an unexpected finding in 2015: The glasswing butterfly’s wings have nanostructures that are so asymmetrical that they block out nearly all light reflection.[10] Nature Communications reported their findings.The best technique to use this technology on screens of mobile devices is an area of active investigation. Say farewell to the days of squinting at your phone in bright sunlight if this works.

1 Eco-Friendly Structures and Termites

The enormous termite mound is a natural wonder that may be seen all over Africa. These astonishingly towering earthen constructions are home to enormous termite colonies. On top of that, they have a genius system for controlling the airflow and temperature. One distinguishing feature is the typical north-south orientation of the mound construction. So, when the sun isn’t directly overhead, the mound can draw heat from the air and store it for later use, and when it’s overhead, it can stay cool all day long. Termites control the flow of warm air into the mound from the base by opening and closing a network of vents within the structure. Super cool, huh?Engineers from all across the globe have noticed the termites’ remarkable design skills and have modified them for human benefit. The green design concepts that were influenced by termite mounds were used to construct the country’s largest shopping and office complex, the Eastgate Centre, in Harare, Zimbabwe. Throughout the year, the building’s temperatures are controlled by a passive system that consists of fans and vents, rather than by traditional heating or cooling systems. Mick Pierce, a local architect, was responsible for its design; he had previously completed a comparable structure in Melbourne, Australia.the eleventh

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